Hydrangea, geranium or herbs: many plants from the garden can be propagated quite easily with cuttings. But especially in summer temperatures, they need enough water.
Most plants bloom abundantly in summer and grow magnificently – an ideal time to propagate your favorite plants with cuttings. This can be done relatively easily with many plants if you follow a few rules.
The following utensils are needed for propagation:
- small flower pots
- clean secateurs
- a transparent plastic bag or a mini-greenhouse
- nutrient-poor growing soil
- several cuttings
This is how propagation in a pot works
Cut a piece 10 to 15 centimeters long from an annual shoot, or shorten the cut shoot to this length. It is important to make the cut on the stem with a clean and sharp knife. Cut off the lower leaves on the cutting so that they do not rot in the soil later. If the cutting has many large leaves, they should be cut in half so that evaporation is less. If there are flowers, remove them as well.
Then fill growing soil into a flower pot, place the cutting inside and water lightly. If you do not have growing soil, you can mix normal potting soil with sand. It is important that the substrate is low in nutrients.
High temperatures and regular watering important
Either place the flower pot in a mini-greenhouse or make one yourself: To do this, simply place the pot with the planted cutting in a clear plastic bag and seal it. Place the cutting for two to three weeks in a bright place, but protected from the sun. The temperature should be between 20 and 30 degrees.
Keep the soil moist, but not too wet, and ventilate the mini-greenhouse regularly to prevent mold. Once new leaves develop, the experiment has worked and the plastic bag or the roof of the greenhouse can be removed. The young plant can now be repotted into a container with normal potting soil.
Uncomplicated at high temperatures: propagate cuttings without soil
If you do not want to use potting soil or cannot provide the cuttings with water for a few days, there are two other methods for raising them.
Variant 1: The cutting roll from moss
Place wet moss on a cut piece of fleece and place one or more cuttings inside. Roll the whole thing up and fix it with a ribbon. Do not tie the package too tightly so that the moss and cuttings can absorb the water well. Place the cutting roll upright in a bowl filled with water and store in a shady spot. By the time the cuttings grow out the top, they will usually have formed roots and can be potted up.
Variation 2: The decorative styrofoam boat
To make white Styrofoam not stand out in the green garden, you can cut a Styrofoam plate in the shape of a lily pad and paint it with waterproof paint. Now drill a few holes in the plate and stick the cuttings in so that part of the stem peeks out at the bottom. The lily pad can then float on a garden pond or in a water bowl. This way, the cuttings are supplied with water, have a good climate and an even temperature. When the plantlets are rooted, it is advisable to break the Styrofoam so that the plant and root are not damaged.
Propagating hydrangeas, lavender and co.
Many plants can be propagated via cuttings. A selection:
- Pelargoniums (geraniums)
- Busy lilies